Valley doctors give tips on how to stay safe in the heat - WFMJ.com News weather sports for Youngstown-Warren Ohio

Valley doctors give tips on how to stay safe in the heat

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The Valley is heading for what could be a record-breaking heat wave and there's no knowing how quickly heat illness can happen. 

With the pending heat wave on Saturday, Valley doctors tell 21 News when to be concerned and how to prevent heat sickness.  

Heat exhaustion can begin as feeling faint, excessive sweating, nausea and muscle cramps. 

If it's not taken care of, the symptoms will continue to get worse, turning into heat stroke.

"We're 98.6-degree machines. If we get up to 100, 104, we start having problems," said Anne Stover, a family physician for the Steward Medical Group. "If we get above 104 internal temperature, we're cooking ourselves and that is heat stroke. That is when we get mentally off."

Once it becomes a heat stroke, symptoms include a headache, no sweating, nausea, and loss of consciousness. 

Doctors say water is going to be our best friend this weekend, stressing how important it is to stay hydrated.

Another recommendation is staying indoors.

"Reducing the amount of time you're in that hot environment and that means direct sunlight or even in shaded areas," said Viktoria Hasselhof, a resident physician at Mercy Health. "Especially if we're looking at temperatures near 100; it's going to be very hot even in shaded areas as well."

Also remember to wear loose-fitting, light-colored clothing.

In this heat, doctors say it's better to be covered up than shedding too many layers.

"People like to take more clothes off the hotter it gets but it is important to protect yourself from those rays," Hasselhof said. "That's going to help save you from the sun exposure and also to keep the rays off of you so your temperature doesn't go so high."

If you, or someone you know, begins to feel sick, find ways to cool down immediately. 

"Anything to stay cool and anything to cool down from the inside out, which is hydration," said Stover. "And stay cool from the outside in, which is water on the outside, cool water."

If there's any question, it's best to seek medical help.

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