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West Virginia, Ohio, PA in top fifteen states for overdose deaths

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WASHINGTON, D.C. - A new report rates West Virginia, Ohio and Pennsylvania among the top fifteen states for drug overdose deaths

Using the latest CDC information available, a report from Trust for America's Health ranks West Virginia at the top of the list, with nearly 29 overdose deaths per 100,000 population in 2010.

That's a 605 percent increase from 1999, when the rate was only 4.1 per every 100,000.

Ohio is ranked at 12th in the nation, with 16 overdose deaths per 100,000 - a majority of which are from prescription drugs. Ohio's rate has tripled since 1999 when the rate was 4.2 per 100,000.

Pennsylvania is number 14 in the nation with 15 OD deaths per 100,000 - an 89% increase over a ten year period.

The new report, Prescription Drug Abuse: Strategies to Stop the Epidemic, finds that Ohio and Pennsylvania are among 28 states and Washington, D.C. to score six or less out of 10 possible indicators of promising strategies to help curb prescription drug abuse.

Some key findings from the report include:

  • Appalachia and Southwest Have the Highest Overdose Death Rates: West Virginia had the highest number of drug overdose deaths, at 28.9 per every 100,000 people - a 605 percent increase from 1999, when the rate was only 4.1 per every 100,000. North Dakota had the lowest rate at 3.4 per every 100,000 people. Rates are lowest in the Midwestern states.
  • Rescue Drug Laws: Just over one-third of states (17 and Washington, D.C.) have a law in place to expand access to, and use of naloxone - a prescription drug that can be effective in counteracting an overdose - by lay administrators.
  • Good Samaritan Laws: Just over one-third of states (17 and Washington, D.C.) have laws in place to provide a degree of immunity from criminal charges or mitigation of sentencing for individuals seeking to help themselves or others experiencing an overdose.
  • Medical Provider Education Laws: Fewer than half of states (22) have laws that require or recommend education for doctors and other healthcare providers who prescribe prescription pain medication.
  • Support for Substance Abuse Treatment: Nearly half of states (24 and Washington, D.C.) are participating in Medicaid Expansion - which helps expand coverage of substance abuse services and treatment.
  • ID Requirement: 32 states have a law requiring or permitting a pharmacist to require an ID prior to dispensing a controlled substance.
  • Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs: While nearly every state (49) has a Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) to help identify "doctor shoppers," problem prescribers and individuals in need of treatment, these programs vary dramatically in funding, use and capabilities. For instance, only 16 states require medical providers to use PMDPs.

You can find a link to more information by following this link.

 

 

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