Mosquitoes infected with West Nile Virus found in Youngstown - WFMJ.com News weather sports for Youngstown-Warren Ohio

Mosquitoes infected with West Nile Virus found in Youngstown

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YOUNGSTOWN, Ohio -

The Ohio Department of Health has confirmed that mosquitoes trapped in the City of Youngstown by the Youngstown City Health District have tested positive for West Nile Virus.

The confirmation comes less than a month after health officials reported the discovery of mosquitoes carrying the West Nile in other parts of the Valley.

Infected mosquitoes have been reported in Canfield and Austintown in Mahoning County and Lisbon and Damascus in Columbiana County.

School grounds in Canfield and Austintown have been sprayed with a mosquito larvicide.

Neither county has reported human cases of West Nile in 2017.

On Wednesday, the Ohio Department of Health reported its first West Nile Virus related fatality with the death of a 74-year-old man from Defiance County in northwestern Ohio who had been hospitalized with encephalitis.

The agency says 10 human cases of the virus have been reported statewide this year.

The Ohio Department of Health said that West Nile virus is most commonly spread by infected mosquitoes that can lead to severe fever, encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) or meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord).

The primary culprit is the northern house mosquito, which becomes infected when they feed on infected birds. Infected mosquitoes can then spread the virus to humans and other animals when they bite.

Approximately 80 percent of people who are infected with WNV will not show any symptoms at all, but there is no way to know in advance if you will develop an illness or not.

Those who do develop symptoms usually do so between three to 14 days after they are bitten by the infected mosquito:

Serious symptoms in a few people.

About one in 150 people infected with WNV will develop severe illness. The severe symptoms can include high fever, headache, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, vision loss, numbness, and paralysis. These symptoms may last several weeks, and neurological effects may be permanent.

Milder symptoms in some people.

Up to 20 percent of people who become infected will have symptoms that can include fever, headache, body aches, nausea, vomiting and sometimes swollen lymph glands or a skin rash on the chest, stomach, and back. Symptoms can last for a few days to as long as several weeks.

There is no specific treatment for WNV infection, and care is based on symptoms.

The easiest and best way to prevent WNV is to prevent mosquito bites,

When outdoors, use repellents containing DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus or para-menthane-diol. Follow the directions on the package.

Many mosquitoes are most active from dusk to dawn. Be sure to use insect repellent and wear long sleeves and pants at these times or consider staying indoors during these hours.

Make sure you have good screens on your windows and doors to keep mosquitoes out.

Get rid of mosquito breeding sites by emptying standing water from flower pots, buckets, and barrels.

Change the water in pet dishes, and replace the water in bird baths weekly.

Drill holes in tire swings so water drains out.

Keep children’s wading pools empty and on their sides when they aren’t being used.

Animals associated with West Nile virus in Ohio include birds, horses, and mosquitoes.

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