With the Supreme Court's reversal of the 50-year-old ruling that recognized abortion as a constitutional right, states like Ohio now set their own laws for when, and if, they will allow the procedure.

As of Friday, it's a ban on nearly all abortions after six weeks of pregnancy in Ohio. 

Now that what's known as the 'heartbeat bill' has officially taken effect, medical professionals cannot legally provide an abortion if a woman's pregnancy has cardiac fetal activity.

"It is not legal to get an abortion in the state of Ohio after the fetal cardiac activity has been detected. That's generally around six weeks in the pregnancy," Pro-Choice Ohio Executive Director Kellie Copeland said. 

It will be illegal to perform an abortion on most pregnancies that reach about six weeks, but it's possible a pulse could be detected sooner.

The only exception to an abortion after the pulse is detected is a life or death situation.

"There is no exception for rape or incest in this bill," Attorney Matt Mangino said, "and the only two exceptions are one, the life of the mother, or that the fetus has no heartbeat."

Ohio Right to Life Executive Director Peter Range said, "You might have a situation for example, where a woman has an ectopic pregnancy. That's a situation where there's no chance the child could survive because of the reality of where it's located, say in the fallopian tube."

Women would not face criminal charges if they receive an abortion unlawfully, but medical professionals could face a felony of the fifth degree.

Doctors will need to have written records of the emergency that required an abortion.

"I think doctors will be cautious and will document bases for them to proceed with an abortion," Mangino said. 

Under the heartbeat bill, women do still have access to birth control, and emergency contraceptives like "Plan B."

Attorney Mangino points out it could be as soon as 30 days from now that the state bans abortions completely.