Vindicator file photo / September 13, 1954 | A crowd of about 8,000 turned out 68 years ago at the Columbiana County fairgrounds to watch a 16-county Civil Defense exercise. In the foreground is the center of communications, while in the background, firefighters extinguish an oil fire.  
September 14
1997: As the 20th anniversary of Black Monday approaches -- Sept. 19, 1977 -- when the shutdown of Youngstown Sheet & Tube's Campbell Works was announced, only three steelmakers remain on the Mahoning River, WCI Steel in Warren (2,200 employees),  CSC LTD in Warren (1,200) and North Star Steel, Youngstown (570). 
Youngstown teachers appear on the verge of yet another strike.  There have been seven since 1966, ranging in duration from 1 day in 1971 to 62 days in 1981. The first strike in 1966 lasted eight days; the most recent in 1993, 28 days.
Paul Krebs, a Canfield native and associate athletic director at Ohio State University, will be the speaker at the Curbstone Coaches luncheon at the Wick-Pollock Inn. 
1982: Residents attending a meeting of the Girard Board of Education call on the board to close the auditorium of Summit School, where students eat lunch, because of loose asbestos in the ceiling. 
The Youngstown Fraternal Order of Police Lodge 28 says Mahoning County Sheriff James A. Traficant Jr. is trying to deflect heat on him by accusing a Youngstown patrolman and a deputy sheriff of aiding and abetting burglars. 
Roger B. Smith, chairman of General Motors, tells the Detroit Economic Club that the U.S. auto industry will lead the country out of its recession. 
1972: A Mahoning County sheriff's deputy shoots and kills one of two robbers when they confront a Hills Department Store manager who was making a night deposit at Lincoln Knolls.   
The real estate duplicate of Youngstown's downtown Urban Renewal area will nearly triple the old appraisal when construction is complete. 
William Boyd, a native of Hendrysburg, Ohio, who gained worldwide fame as Hopalong Cassidy, dies in Hollywood at 77.  He appeared in 92 motion pictures.
1947: Eastern Ohio and Western Pennsylvania probably have more polo teams than anywhere in the Midwest. Chad Johnston is the manager of the Poland team. 
Herbert Warwick, industries manager of the Greater Youngstown Area Foundation, launches a drive to use the vast salt reserves below Mahoning, Trumbull, and Columbiana counties to lure to the area industries such as rubber, plastics, and chemicals, which require large quantities of brine. 
Brooklyn Detective William Whalen, an expert on the underworld, says northern mobsters are fleeing to southern Florida, where they face less scrutiny. He lists Joe DiCarlo of Youngstown among the migrants, but DiCarlo, who has a record of 27 arrests, appears to still be in residence at his expensive home at 1950 Volney Road.